Within a mere 2 seconds the Pentacam® AXL supplies you with precise diagnostic data on the entire anterior eye segment. In addition to anterior segment tomography the Pentacam® AXL has integrated axial length measurement, a feature which allows you to make accurate IOL calculations. Automatic measurement activation with quality test guarantees fast, reproducible and delegable measurements.
The Pentacam® AXL comes with an extensive basic software package which can be extended according to your needs to include further optional software packages and modules.
Pentacam® AXL Optional Software Modules
3D pIOL Simulation and Aging Prediction
- Pre-surgical planning of an iris-supported phakic anterior chamber lens
- Simulation of the post-operative position of the phakic anterior chamber lens
- Simulation of age-related lens growth and the position of the anterior chamber lens resulting from this
The examiner enters the data on the patient's subjective refraction. Depending on the type of lens in question, the software calculates the necessary refractive power of the pIOL. The examiner selects a phakic IOL from the current database accordingly. The position of this pIOL in the anterior chamber is calculated in 3D and displayed in Scheimpflug images. The minimal distances between the phakic IOL and the crystalline lens as well as between the pIOL and the endothelium are calculated automatically and represented both in colour and numerically. This enables the examiner to give the patient visual information and facilitates patient selection.
- Dick et al, CATARACT & REFRACTIVE SURGERY TODAY EUROPE I JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2007
Belin/Ambrósio Enhanced Ectasia Display
- Early ectasia detection
- Reliable detection of forme-fruste keratoconus
The Belin/Ambrósio Enhanced Ectasia Display is the first screening tool to combine anterior and posterior corneal elevation data with an evaluation of corneal thickness progression in a final parameter, referred to as Index D. Besides allowing for greater overall accuracy in diagnosing ectasia it can in particular assist in the early detection of this disorder. It determines the progression of corneal thickness across an array of concentric rings centered on the thinnest point and reaching into the periphery. Two elevation maps are generated, one based on a standard reference surface and the other on an enhanced reference surface, and the differences found between them are shown in a colour code to facilitate evaluation: green for unremarkable, yellow for conspicuous, and red for potentially pathological.
- Villavicencio et al, Independent Population Validation of the Belin/Ambrosio Enhanced Ectasia Display: Implications for Keratoconus Studies and Screening, Int. Journal of Keratoconus and Ectatic Corneal Diseases, Jan-Apr 2014;3(1):1-8
- Ambrosio et al; Corneal-thickness spatial profile and corneal-volume distribution: Tomographic indices to detect keratoconus, J Cataract Refract Surg - VOL 32, NOVEMBER 2006
- Khachikian et al; Posterior Elevation in Keratoconus, Ophthalmology; Volume 116, Issue 4 , Pages 816-816.e1, April 2009
- Ambrosio et al; Corneal Ectasia After LASIK Despite Low Preoperative Risk: Tomographic and Biomechanical Findings in the Unoperated, Stable, Fellow Eye, J Refract Surg. 2010 Nov;26(11):906-11.
- Belin et al; Corneal Ectasia Risk Score: Statistical Validity and Clinical Relevance, Journal of Refractive Surgery Vol. 26, No. 4, 2010;
- Kim et al; Tomographic Normal Values for Corneal Elevation and Pachymetry in a Hyperopic Population, J Clinic Experiment Ophthalmol Volume 2, Issue 2, 1000130; ISSN:2155-9570;
- Feng et al; International values of corneal elevation in normal subjects by rotating Scheimpflug camera, J Cataract Refract Surg 2011; 37:1817-1821 Q 2011 ASCRS and ESCRS;
- Ambrosio et al; Novel Pachymetric Parameters Based on Corneal Tomography for Diagnosing Keratoconus, J Refract Surg. 2011 Oct;27(10):753-8;
- Correia et al; Topometric and Tomographic Indices for the Diagnosis of Keratoconus, International Journal of keratoconus and Eczatic Diseases, May-August 2012; 1 (2):92-99;
- Gilani et al; Comprehensive anterior segment normal values generated by rotating Scheimpflug tomography, J Cataract Refract Surg 2013; 39:1707-1712 Q 2013 ASCRS and ESCRS;
- Ambrosio et al; Corneal Ectasia After LASIK Despite Low Preoperative Risk: Tomographic and Biomechanical Findings in the Unoperated, Stable, Fellow Eye, Journal of Refractive Surgery Vol. 26, No. 11, 2010
Contact Lens Fitting incl. fourier analysis
- Automatic suggestions for contact lenses
- Realistic fluo image simulation
- Integrated database containing over 845,000 lenses
Dynamic fluo image simulation produces an image of how a specific contact lens from the database fits on the eye. The simulation makes it possible to adjust the inclination and position of the contact lens and includes automatic recalculation of the fluo image. The integrated and expandable database contains over 845,000 lenses. The contact lens geometries can be adjusted individually in cases where fitting is difficult. The user can establish his or her own ranking list for contact lens manufacturers.